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 Louis Adamic:Simpozij-Symposium:Ljubljana:16-18 September 1981,ed.Janez Stanonik Ljubljana:Univerza Edvarda Kardelja, 1981;

 SPECTRUM, Louis Adamic :His Life, Work,and LegacyImmigration History Research Center-University of Minnesota (vol 4,No1,2 Fall 1982);

 Henry A.Christian,Louis Adamic:A Checklist Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press,1971.Trans in Japanese by Mr.Shozo Tahara.この評伝「Introduction」の翻訳は『世界文学』(世界文学会会誌)第57号(1982年3月20日)、第64号(1986年6月20日)に「ルイス・アダミック――二つの世界に生きる」(田原正三訳)と題して掲載。私はこの評伝に感銘を受けて、1983年10月にアダミック研究の第一人者であるラトガーズ大学のクリスチャン教授を訪ねた。そして今日まで教授の多くの主要な論文を翻訳してきたが、この2年前惜しくも他界されて残念である。しかし死期間近かとの連絡をうけ、亡くなる直前に教授の最も重要な論文「ルイス・アダミックの『苦闘』について――或るラディカル″子の国際史」「ドライサーを越えて――『ジャングルの中の笑い』について」を収めた『苦闘』『ジャングルの中の笑い』さらに『バルーカス族の王 ルーカス』『南スラブ人のこころ』の4冊を見本(私家版)として翻訳作成し、お目通しされたとのこと連絡を受け私なりに安堵を覚えました。(田原);

 Christian, Random Comments About Books,Articles,Immigration,History, Time, And Ideas:An Adamic Miscellanea Literature, Culture and Ethnicity SPERATUM pp61-71 (1995?Newark,Rutgers University;

 Christian, “Adamic’s FROM MANY LANDS:Ethnic Literature Then…and Now?,” Modern Language Studies ,8 Winter 1977-78:48-56.Trans in Japanese.Mr.Shozo Tahara初出は季刊「汎」(国家を超えて=地球的視点で人と文化を考える/PMC社)第14号 1989年9月 田原正三訳で掲載。;

 Christian,“Fitzgerald and‘Superman’:An Unpublished Letter to Louis Adamic,”Fitzgerald News letter,No.31Fall,1965,1-3.ヘミングウェイやトマス・ウルフなど1920年代の米作家を育てた天才編集者マクスウェル・パーキンスの目にアダミックがとまらなかったのは、他の作家と違ってエリートでなく「移民の出」であったからだろう、というのは興味深い。「アメリカン・マーキュリー」に載せたアダミックの初期の小品について、自分の戦争体験と重ねあわせて感銘を受けたと思われるフィッツジェラルドから彼らしい未公開の称賛の手紙が掲載されている。フィツジェラルド書簡集では省かれている。

Dear Mr.Adamic/April 2nd.1929

I’ve been meaning to offer my congratulations for months on Superman.I think it’s one of the best American short stories in some years---very vivid and facinating.Seeing you in the Mercury again this month reminded me of it.Most Appreciatively Yrs F Scott Fizgerald;

 Christian,“What Else Have You in Mind ?’:Louis Adamic and H.L.Mencken,”

Menckeniana,no.47Fall 1973:1-12;

 Christian, Ten Letters to Louis Adamic,The Princeton University Library Chronicle,IIG(Winter,1967),76-94.Trans in Japanese.Shozo Tahara「ルイス・アダミックへの書簡)()(」田原正三訳/アプトン・シンクレア、H・L・メンケン、メアリー・オースティン、カール・サンドバーグ、グランヴィル・ヒックス、ヘンリー・S・キャンビー、ロビンソン・ジェファーズ、シャーウッド・アンダスン、ドス・パソス、アプトン・シンクレアの手紙を収載。;

 Christian, “Notes on≫The Little GuGu Frog≪:An Afterword to Louis Adamic’s Lucas,King Of The Balucas Acta Neophilologica,20(1987),63-67. Trans in Japanese.Shozo Tahara..『バルーカス族の王ルーカス』の「解説」 田原正三訳;

 Christian, “Adamic’s Struggle:The International History of a‘Radical’ Pamphlet,”Earlier versions of this paper were delivered at the Bibliography section of the Northeast Modern Language Association convention at The State University of New York at Albany,March,1978,and Louis Adamic:Simpozij-Symposium:Ljubljana:16-18 September 1981,ed.Janez Stanonik Ljubljana:Univerza Edvarda Kardelja, 1981,pp323-344. Trans in Japanese.Shozo Tahara. 『苦闘』の「解説」田原正三訳;

 Christian, “Louis Adamic and Ethnic Autobiography,” Trans in Japanese.Shozo Tahara.「ルイス・アダミックとエスニック自伝」田原正三訳;

 Christian, “Beyond Dreiser:Louis Adamic’s Laughing in the Jungle,”The Future of American Modernism:Ethnic Writing Between the Wars:European Contributions to American Studies ]Z:Amsterdam:V U University Press,1990.Trans in Japanese.Shozo Tahara 『ジャングルの中の笑い』の「解説―ドライサーを超えて ルイス・アダミック」田原正三訳;

 Christian, “Reading A Painting:Maxo Vanka’s Collage ‘World War’,” Dve domovini/Two Homelands-8-1997,89-105: Znanstvenoraziskovalni center Slovenske akademije znanosti in umetnosti Institut za slovensko izseljenstvo (Centre of Scientific Research of the Slovene Academy of Sciences and Arts The Institute for Slovene Emigration Research);

 Carry McWilliams,アダミックの生涯の友。作家,人権運動家、弁護士、カリフォルニア州住宅・移民局長。「ネイション」紙編集長(1950-1970)。第二次大戦下の日系米人の人権について扱った『人種的偏見』『アンブローズ・ビアス評伝』など著書多数。Louis Adamic and Shadow-America ( Los Angeles : Arthur Whipple , 1935 ) ;

 Carey Mcwilliams,The Education Of Carey McwilliamsNew York: Simon & Scuster, 1978;

 Mcwilliams,“Louis Adamic,American,”Nation,CLXX[(September 22,1951) Trans in Japanese.Shozo Tahara.「アメリカ人、ルイス・アダミックの死」田原正三訳;

Newsweek September 17,1951 p6,U.S.NATIONAL AFFAIRS "Adamic Murdered?"

 Alfred Kazin,On Native Grounds New York,1942;

 Upton Sinclair,Presidentil Mission (New York,1947),pp.vii and 158-179?“Author’s Note” and Chapter8?“Much Depends on Dinner”.アダミックをモデルにした小説。

 Bogdan Radista,“My Memories of Louis Adamic,”American Mercury,Dec,1951;

 Albert Halper, “The Bookish Establishment”and“The Long,Long Journey of Louis Adamic.”Good-Bye,Union Square:A Writer’s Memoir Of The Thirties,pp.139-143 and 192-202 resp.Chicago:Quadrangle Books,1970. Halper wrote"Adamic was an interesting and complicated man,with genuine literary ability and great personal dignity.Tall and lanky,Adamic somewhat resembled Henry Fonda,even moving with an awkard grace similar to the movie star's.Because he was five years older than I,he sometimes talked to me in a fatherly manner.When he became excited he stammered badly and his chin quivered so much that I turned my head away.But other times he could be relaxed and smiling and his speech was perfectly normal.He had a heartly explosive laugh and loved to listen to jokes,though he himself was an inept story teller who always ruined the punch line;

 Rudolph Vecoli, “Louis Adamic and the Contemporary Search for Roots,”The Journal of Ethnic Studies,2 1978:29-35; Prof.Vecoli is the director of the Immigration History Research Center,University of Minnesota;

 William C.Beyer,“Louis Adamic and Common Ground,1940-1949,”Prof. Beyer is the editor of the Immigration History Research Center,University of Minnesota ;

 Fred Matthews,“Cultural Pluralism In Context:External History,PhilosophicPremise,And Theories Of Ethnicity In Modern America,” The Journal of Ethnic Studies 12:2 Summer 1984:63-79 Prof Matthews is in the Department of History,York University.;

 Robert F.Harney “E Pluribus Unum:Louis Adamic And The Meaning Of Ethnic History,”The Journal of Ethnic Studies 14:1( 1986):29-46 Prof. Harney is President of the Canadian Ethnic Studies Association;

Harvard Encyclopedia Of American Ethnic Groups,ed.S.Thernstrom (Cambridge,1980),p.v.The editors of that work remark at the outset that they were well along in their effort before they became aware that Adamic had written about plans for such an encyclopaedia as well as a series of volumes on ethnicity as long ago as 1940.;

The Harvard Encyclopedia of America Ethnic Groups stars its Introduction with the statement that
"During the Great Depression of the 1930s,Louis Adamic,a popular writer and journalist,conceived of a project that he believed 'would excite all
America about herself.' A'great Encyclopedia of the Population of the United States,from the Indians down to the latest immigrant group,'would demonstrate 'in as great detail as possible,of what sort of human stuff America is made.' Such work,he wrote,'might very well revolutionize American writing and affect all thinking about the United States.'It' would be invaluable to thousands of...school principals and teachers...and librarians and social workers.In would appeal not only to New Americans and their immigrant parents...but to America as a whole'(My America,1938).
"Adamic himself had emigrated from Slovenia (then a province of Austro-Hungary,later part of Yugoslavia,now the sovereign state Republic of Slovenia) at the age of fourteen,and throughout his life displayed intense interest in the origins of the American people.But,unfortunately,he could not raise the funds he needed from the Federal Emergency Relief Administration and had to give up the idea of the encyclopedia.
"Forty years later,this project was well under way when the editors saw a copy of the Adamic proposal.We were intrigued by what Adamic had wanted to undertake.He had envisaged a work of five to twenty-five volumes,a huge budget,and a staff of hundreds.The enterprise of which this volume is a product was modest in comparison.However,it processed on the basis of the article of faith with which he concluded:' But eventually,I think,this job will have to be done-somehow.'


 Dictionary of American Biography 1951-1955Scribners;

 Twentieth Century Authors 1956;

 Dictionary of Literary Biography. “Louis Adamic” by Henry A.Christian;

 Richard Weiss, “Ethnicity and Reform:Minorities and the Ambience of the Depression Years,”The Journal of American History,Volume 66 No.3,December1979;

 Tine Kurent, “PISMA LOUISA ADAMICA NECAKU TINETU”Letters by Louis Adamic to his nephew Tine,Dve domovini/Two Homelands-9-1998,27-53: Znanstvenoraziskovalni center Slovenske akademije znanosti in umetnosti Institut za slovensko izseljenstvo (Centre of Scientific Research of the Slovene Academy of Sciences and Arts The Institute for Slovene Emigration Research);

 ZBORNIK OBCINE GROSUPLE 年二回刊行スロヴェニアの地方研究誌。毎号、アダミックの弟フランツ・アダミッチ教授と甥のティネ・クレント教授によりアダミック関係の未公開の資料がスロヴェニア語で報告されている。;

 Statue of Liberty(自由の女神像)――自由の女神が注目されるようになったのは、移民の歴史を再評価したアダミックの功績が大きい。女神像の下に移民博物館があるが、私が訪れた1980年代には著名な移民としてオール・ロールヴァーグ(出稼ぎ移民から大学教授に出世した)などの作家の肖像画が飾られてあった。しかしなぜあれほどまでに移民に貢献し、生涯移民としての誇りを忘れなかったアダミックの肖像画を掲げていないのか、私には不思議でならなかった。1991年、ニューヨーク市で開かれたニューヨーク芸術祭に《移民の声》と題するエリス島のパフォーマンスで、アダミックの移民の自叙伝『ジャングルの中の笑い』の一節が一世移民たちによって朗読された。;

 Ellis Island(エリス島)――かつて移民検閲所であったが、現在は移民博物館となっていて、著名な移民としてアダミックの肖像画が飾られている。;

 FLIS(外国情報行動局)――多様な人種・民族の相互理解を求めた政府機関。第二次世界大戦中、アダミックのリーダーシップによってその名を知られるようになった。機関誌「コモン・グラウンド」(共通の立場)−初代編集長ルイス・アダミック。Common Council for American Unityはアメリカ社会に大きな影響を与えた。その理念はボーダレスの今日、国際的にますます重要性を増しているように思える。;


 アダミックの生年月日 生年はアダミック自身1899年で通していたが、近年の調査では1898年が研究者のあいだでは一般的である。しかし日本はもちろん欧米の辞典類では依然として1899年で記されている。月日も23日と25日説がある。; 

 アダミック映像・音声――Motion Picture Branch of the National Archives in Washington,D.C.1941年2月のMarch of timeプレゼンテーション。タイトル"Americans All"。内容は人権を剥奪された日系アメリカ人を含む特に東欧、バルカンの人々を支援した記録。1987年にDr.Matjaz klemencic,Chair of History at the University of mariborによって発見された。Christian, Random Comments About Books,Articles,Immigration,History, Time,And Ideas:An Adamic Miscellanea Literature,Culture and Ethnicity SPERATUM pp61-71 (1995?Newark,Rutgers University;

 第二次世界大戦中1941年の緊迫した情勢の中で、アダミックによって提唱された「新ユーゴスラヴィア・南東ヨーロッパ・新ヨーロッパ構想」――ヘンリー・クリスチャン教授による要約。8月13日、Frano Petrinovic,Stoyan Pribichevich,Nicholas Mirkovich,Vaso Trivanovichらと共にロンドン亡命政府へ打電された。引用同上。                

That In Yugoslavia After This War There Will Be Complete Equality Among Serbs Croats and Slovenes and Second That This New Yugoslavia Will Be A Democracy With Absolute Guarantees of Political and Civil Rights.These Principles Were Vitally Important For The Future of The People of Yugoslavia For Our Immigrants And For The American Public Opinion.(Adamic:To Royal)

For Yugoslavia:                                      1) all pre-war boundaries preserved;2) all nationalities to be autonomous; 3) no locally supreme control,but rather a Federal system; 4) localities nevertheless also self-governing; 5) a constitution which guaranteed all rights of vote,free press and speech,assembly,religion,vocation;                                               

For South East Europe:                                   6) peaceful South East Europe via equal rights for all peoples; 7) a Federation of national independencies; 8) no single or multiple cliques which debase the freedom of nations;                                                

For Europe: 9) a new Yugoslavia and a new South East Europe can exist only on mutual disarmament,social justice,equal use of resources,integrity in literature and government and police powers,and free trade policy; 10) the proposers of this plan are prepared to be implemented only by cooperation in the matter; 11) the plan can be implemented only by cooperation of all involved,especially those with borders common to Yugoslavia (Adamic,New Yugoslavia).

 アダミック家系図 Svobodnjak ADAM z Adamovega 1570 --- MATHAS ADAMITSCH ali ADAMITZ

Prof.TINE KURENT (Adamic's nephew)
attended schools in Belgrade,Ljublijana,London (A.A.School of Architecture),and Athens,(L'
École Française d'Athénes).He is interested in metrology,proportion,and architectural symbolism in historical architecture.He currently teaches theory of composition at the Faculty of Architecture,University of Ljubljana.In Yugoslavia,he lectured also in Belgrade,Sarajevo and Dubrovnik;in Turin,Florence,and Palermo in Italy;in Minneapolis,Cleverand,Chicago,Pittsburg,and New York in USA;in Jakarta,Java,and Denpasar,Bali,in Indonesia;and in Nicosia,Cyprus.His papers have been published,translated and reviewed in Slovene,Serbo-Croatian,Slovak,and Russian,in talian French and Spanish,in English and German,in the Bahasa language,and in Greek,in numerous countries of Europe,Asia and America,Futher biographical and bibliograojical data in BBUL,1957,1957-1966,1967-1976,and1977-1986;in Zbornik L?A,1982,1985,1986,1987,1988,and1989;in Jubilejni zbornik FAGG,1979-1989,and in F.Hodgson's Who is Who in Science in Europe.

 『ジャングルの中の笑い』フランス語版 UN RIRE DANS LA JUNGLE -L'autobiographie d'un immigrant en Amérique Traduction Alice P.Pouilloux

L’odyssee des emigrants Et ils peuplerent I’Amerique by Nancy Green 1944『多民族の国』村上伸子訳 P.134-135


Tine Kurent,“NAPACNE TRDITIVE O LOUISU ADAMICU By Tine Kurent”p.205-213

Tine Kurent,“GRADIVO Kratek Zivljenjepis Louisa Adamica (Z Dopolnilom) ” p247-249



Louis Adamic Papers プリンストン大学アダミック資料 2000年9月

The papers contain a wide variety of material spanning roughly 30 years of Adamic's life. The manuscripts of 15 of his books, many of his short stories, articles, and lectures, as well as sketches, paste-ups, and proofs of Adamic's own journal T & T, are all included in the collection. Among the books are Cradle of Life, Dinner at the White House, Dynamite, The Eagle and the Roots, From Many Lands, Grandsons, The House in Antigua, Laughing in the Jungle, My Native Land, My America, Nation of Nations, The Native's Return, and Two-Way Passage. In addition to the manuscripts, which comprise nearly one third of these papers, a Significant body of correspondence with many individuals, among them prominent American literary and political figures of the 1920s, 30s, and 40s, is also preserved here. These communications relate to Adamic's business, political, and social involvements, his on-going interest in American society, and, in his later years, his interest in post-war reconstruction,foreign policy, and world understanding.


Dr.Janja Zitnik


Dve domovini / Two Homelands-9-1998,95-110

This paper was presented at the international conference The 100th Birth Anniversary of Louis Adamic-Intellectuals in Diaspora,Portoroz,1-5September 1998,organized by the Instituted for Slovenian Emigration Studies,scientific Research Center of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts.

Dr.Janja Zitnik


Dve domovini / Two Homelands-2-3-1992

Dr.Janja Zitnik


Slovene Studies 13/1:111-116

Dr.Janja Zitnik


Slovene Studies 14/2(1992)149-159

Dr.Janja Zitnik


ACTA NEOPHILOGICA,XXU(1989) UDK 870(73) Adamic L.7 The eagle and the roots.09

Dr.Janja Zitnik


Literature Culture And Ethnicity -Studies on Medieval,Renaissance and Modern Literatures Edited by MIRKO JURAK




 The St.Paul Symposium,May 29-30,1981

 France Adamic and Tine Kurent,Univerza Edvarda Kardelja v Ljublijana,“The Adamic Family”* ;

 William C.Beyer,University of Minnesota,“Louis Adamic and Common Ground,1940-1949”* ;

 John A.Blatnik,former U.S.Congressman,Arlington,Virginia,“Louis Adamic:A Personal Reminiscence” ;

 Henry A.Christian,Newark College of Rutgers University,Newark,New Jersey,“Louis Adamic:Random Portraits and Snapshots”;

 Ivan Cizmic,Matica Iseljenika Hrvatske,Zagreb,“The Native’s Return:Its Impact”;

 Danica Dolenc,Univerza Edvarda Kardelja v Ljubliana,“Louis Adamic and Frank Mlakar:Two Slovene American Writers”;

 Philip Gleason,Notre Dame University,South Bend,Indiana,“‘Minorities’ in Europe and America”;

 Robert F.Harney,University of Toronto,Ontario,“E Pluribus Unum:Louis Adamic and the Meaning of Ethnic History”;

 Matjaz Klemencic,Univerza Edvarda Kardelja v ljubljana,“Louis Adamic and World War U”*;

 Lorraine Lees,Old Dominion University,Norfolk,Virginia,“Louis Adamic and American Foreign Policymakers”;

 Fred H.Matthews,York University,Toronto,Ontario,“Louis Adamic in the Development of American Pluralist Thought”;

 John L.Modic,Indiana University-Purdue University at Fort Wayne,“Laughing in the Jungle:The Writer as Hero”;

 Nicholas V.Montalto,International Institute of Jersey City,New Jersey,“Adamic and Multicultural Education,1939-1941”;

 Bogdan C.Novak,University of Toledo,Ohio,“Adamic and Yugoslavia during World WarU:The Slovene Catholic Response” ;

 Jerneja Petric,Univerza Edvarda Kardelja v Ljubljana,“Louis Adamic and His Views Concerning Literature”* ;

 Rose Mary Prosen, Cuyahoga Community College,Cleveland,Ohio,“Louis Adamic:Romantic Sentinel”* ;

 Janez Stanonik,Univerza Edvarda Kardelja v Ljubljana,“Historical Survey of Research on Adamic”* ;

 Rudolph Susel,editor of Ameriska domovina,Cleveland,Ohio,“The Slovenian Immigration to America”* ;

 Vladislav A.Tomovic,Brock University,St.Catharines,Ontario,“Adamic under Attack* ;

 Rudolph J.Vecoli,University of Minnesota,“Dynamite : Adamic and Working-class America”* ;

 Joza Vilfan,former Yugoslav ambassador to U.N.,Ljubljana,“Louis Adamic amd Post-war Yugoslavia:A Personal Reminiscence”* ;

 Richard Weiss,University of California,Los Angeles,“Louis Adamic and Cultural Democracy”

                        *read at both symposium


 The Ljubljana Symposium,September 16-18,1981

 Gudrun Birnbaum,Universite de Sciences Humaines de Strasbourg,“Louis Adamic’s View of America: From the JUNGLE to the NATION OF NATIONS”;

 Henry A.Christian,Hewark College of Rutgers University,Newark,New Jersey,“Adamic’s Struggle:The International History of a‘Radical’pamphlet”;

 Milan Culjak,Novi Sad, “The Native’s Return:The Beginning of Louis Adamic’s Commitment to the New Yugoslavia”;

 Ivan Dolenc,Toronto,“Reactions to‘The Bohunks’by Louis Adamic”;

 Branko Djukic,Beograd,“Louis Adamic in Contemporary Yugoslav and Foreign Encyclopedias”;

 Drago Druskovic,Ljubljana,“Lovro Kuhar-Prezihov Voranc and Louis Adamic”;

 Omer Hadziselimovic,Univerzitet u Sarajevu, “The Response to the Work of Louis Adamic in the Criticism in Serbo-Croatian between the Two World Wars”;

 Dik Hoerder,Universitat Bremen,“Industrialization,Americanization and the Immigrant:Whose Dynamite?”;

 Mirko Jurak,Universa Edvarda Kardelja v Ljubljana, “The Relationship between Fictional and Non-Fictional Elements in Adamic’s Autobiographical Novels”;

 Vladimir klemencic and Rado Genorio,Univerza Edvarda kardelja v Ljubljana “Adamic in the Process of Mass Emigration from the Slovene Ethnic territory”;

 Mile Klopcic,Ljubljana,“The First Visit of Louis Adamic to his Home Country”;

 Boris Kurent,Drama SNG,Ljubljana,“Louis Adamic’s Help to to the Slovene Theatre”;

 Tine Kurent,Univerza Edvarda kardelja v Ljubljana,“Louis Adamic’s Ties with His Family between His Emigration and His First Visit Home”;

 Janko lavrin,Nottingham University,“My Correspondence with Louis Adamic”;

 Anna Maria Martellone,Universita degli Studi di Firenza,“Immigrant Workers Social Struggle in America in the Writings of Louis Adamic”;

 John L.Modic,Indiana University-Purdue University at Fort Wayne, “Louis Adamic and the Story of COMMON GROUND”;

 Sloban Nesovic,Beograd,“The Origins of Adamic’s Contribution to the Liberation of Yugoslavia,1941-45”;

 Sait Orahovac,Sarajevo,“The Origins of Adamic’s THE NATIVE’S RETURN”;

 Boris Paternu,Univerza Edvarda Kardelja v Ljubljana, “The Nascence of Adamic’s Values regarding America and Yugoslavia”;

 Denis Poniz,Ljublana,“Nationalism in Adamic’s Works about Slovenes and Yugoslavia”;

 Mojca Ravnik,Univerza Edvarda kardelja v Ljublijana,“Emigration from Grosuplije before World WarT”;

 Marija Stanonik,SAZU,Ljubljana,“Louis Adamic and Yugoslav Literary Folklore”;

 Dragi Stefanija,“Macedonia in the Works of Stoyan Christowe and Louis Adamic”;

 Malcolm Sylvers,Universita degli Studi di trieste,“The America of Louis Adamic:Democratic deals,Immigration and the Working Class Movement”;

 Tihomir Telisman,Zavod za migracije i narodnosti,Zagreb,“The Congress of American Croats and Louis Adamic”;

 Janez Tomsic,split, “Louis Adamic and the Slovene Littoral”;

 Ivo Vidan,Sveuciliste u Zagrebu,“An Adventure in Understanding;Louis Adamic’s America”;

 Franc Zadravec, Univerza Edvarda kardelja v Ljubljana,“Oton Zupancic and Louis Adamic”



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